In common with current practice, the Pew Research Center continues to apply outdated subjective perspectives of identity in understanding the term. This article provides a straightforward alternative.
Universal identity is described here in a nutshell – despite the fact that conciseness is not common in identity studies
The creation of a modern ‘sense of self’ for Ireland is proposed. James Joyce is the ideal icon to represent this change.
A radically new paradigm of identity is presented in answer to President Higgins’ call for a redefinition of ‘Irishness’
Saint Patrick, Irish heritage and post-independence perspectives on ‘Irishness’ are linked. What is difficult to comprehend is how they relate to universal identity. This article explains the importance of separating identity from our “sense of self”. They are not the same thing.